Just as we have allergies, there are some breeds of dogs that are prone to this disease. Generally, Bishon firse, retrievers, terriers, setters, boxers and beagles are more prone to allergies. The reasons vary: smaller nasal passage, flea bites, own hair, dander, or digestive problems, normally associted with irritable stomachs. Most dogs have potential to have an allergy. Some are more prone, and some less.
Common allergies include raw skin, missing tufts of hair, hives, watery eyes, coughs and colds, chewing continously, vomit, diarrhea, constant licking paws, and fever or flu. These are few examples. You need to note the symptoms. Generally nature takes care, but it is better to see veterinian, and have it looked at properly.
To put even better, it is like a child having problems. Unable to express itself,it cries or refuses food, and is constantly restless, and finds some solace and comfort in the arms of an adult or sibling which it is used to. And we have various techniques to get a diagnosis for the child. Just the very same is true of your pet. You are its father and mother, and you have to take care of just you would the baby.
Just as we get irritable when we are sick, so too the dog. The same symptoms that we exhibit, of lethargy, swings in moods, angry, refusing to eat or drink water, moaning or keening. So does the dog. Just as we learn to control ourselves, dogs need the same treatment of love, affection, and a constant vigil to see what it is all about. Keeping a record helps the Vet in diagnosing the problem. If it is fleas, he may recommend a flea collar, and a flea shampoo which can be used. If it has raw skin or something is wrong with the skin tone and color, he may prescribe an ointment which needs to be applied. He may recommend a change in diet if there is constant irritable bowel syndrome, and sometimes drugs also to help the dog from suffering from nausea.
The Vet will also help you by giving tips on care of the dog. This would include bathing more regularly, using different sprays on the skin, etc. In smaller breeds, because of their smaller nasal passages, there can be respiratory problems due to dust or other allergens. They can be helped to some extent by installing air purifiers, maintaining regular cleaning schedule of their beds and surroundings. Exercise is necessary, but not for those who suffer from colds and coughs. You need to walk them around the house, or play inside the house.
If fleas have been detected, it may be necessary to have your house completely cleaned by a professional. You would also require to use a shampoo spray on the pet. But these should not be used on those who have exposed skin or skin inflammation.
Where your pet has developed allergy to its own skin, there is not much treatment available, except to reduce its impact by keeping your dog clean by regular baths, and brushing its hair regularly. The Vet is the best person to advise on what can be done to reduce its agony.
If you have children at home, try and keep them away from the sick dog. If however, they are attached to the dog, and vice versa, you should consult with your pediatrician or physician, and give to your children and yourself the appropriate drugs that is prescribed for the requisite period.
Regular medical check-ups, like we do for ourselves, is also necessary for your pet too.